Document Detail


Latent labor with an unknown uterine scar.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8752238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine if avoiding the augmentation of ineffective contractions in women with unknown uterine scars would decrease the risk of cesarean for protraction disorders, compared with awaiting the onset of spontaneous labor. METHODS: Term gravidas with one or two unknown uterine scars in early labor were randomized to nonintervention (N = 101) and intervention (N = 96) groups. Nonintervention subjects were discharged if cervical change did not occur within 4 hours. Intervention subjects were admitted. Contractions that persisted for 4 hours without cervical change were augmented with oxytocin. RESULTS: Intervention subjects received oxytocin significantly more often (82 versus 55%, P < .001) and had a statistically significantly higher rate of uterine scar separation (5 versus 0%, P = .03). There was no difference between the two groups in length of active labor (4.0 versus 4.25 hours) or incidence of cesarean delivery (16 versus 17%). CONCLUSION: The augmentation of ineffective contractions during latent labor in gravidas with an unknown uterine scar does not increase the rate of cesarean delivery, but it is significantly more likely to result in uterine scar separations.
Authors:
D K Grubb; S L Kjos; R H Paul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-17     Completed Date:  1996-10-17     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  351-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cesarean Section / utilization
Female
Fetal Monitoring
Humans
Labor Stage, First
Oxytocics
Oxytocin
Pregnancy
Risk Factors
Trial of Labor*
Uterine Rupture / epidemiology*
Vaginal Birth after Cesarean*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oxytocics; 50-56-6/Oxytocin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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