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Late-phase detection of recent myocardial ischaemia using ultrasound molecular imaging targeted to intercellular adhesion molecule-1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20733010     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
AIMS: in this study, we attempted to detect a recent myocardial ischaemic event using ultrasound molecular imaging (UMI) with microbubbles (MB) targeted to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the late phase of reperfusion.
METHODS AND RESULTS: we created a myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion model in 60 C57/BL male mice to simulate an angina attack (ischaemia for 15 min, reperfusion for 1-24 h). The degree of myocardial inflammation and levels of ICAM-1 protein were determined by histological and immunohistochemical analyses. UMI with MB targeted to endothelial ICAM-1, as well as routine non-invasive methods including electrocardiography, echocardiography, and plasma troponin I levels, were utilized to evaluate ischaemia over the time course of reperfusion. Levels of ICAM-1 in the vascular endothelium were significantly increased over the time course of reperfusion (8-24 h) of the ischaemic myocardium. The video intensity of ICAM-1 molecular images of the ischaemic anterior wall was almost three times greater than that in the non-ischaemic posterior wall during the late phase (8-24 h) of reperfusion. In contrast, routine methods yielded only weak evidence of ischaemia.
CONCLUSION: UMI with MB targeted to endothelial ICAM-1 provides reliable evidence of a recent myocardial ischaemic event in the late phase of reperfusion.
Yi Yan; Yulin Liao; Li Yang; Juefei Wu; Jing Du; Wanling Xuan; Lijing Ji; Qiaobing Huang; Yili Liu; Jianping Bin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular research     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1755-3245     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc. Res.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0077427     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 1838 North Guangzhou Avenue, Guangzhou 510515, China.
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