Document Detail

Late miscarriage and preterm birth after treatment with clindamycin: a randomised consent design study according to Zelen.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16709205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To screen for bacterial vaginosis (BV) and to investigate the effect of treatment with vaginal clindamycin in order to observe the effect on late miscarriage and delivery prior to 37 completed weeks (primary outcome). DESIGN: Randomised consent design for clinical trials according to Zelen. SETTING: Southeast region of Sweden. POPULATION: A total of 9025 women were screened in early pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 819 women with a Nugent score of 6 and above were considered to have BV and treated according to Zelen allocation. The incidence of late miscarriage and spontaneous (noniatrogenic) preterm birth was assessed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Late miscarriage and spontaneous preterm delivery before 37 weeks. RESULTS: Therapy with vaginal clindamycin had no significant impact on the incidence of spontaneous preterm delivery prior to 37 completed weeks; OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.40-2.02 (primary outcome variable). However, only 1 of 11 women in the treatment group versus 5 of 12 in the control group delivered prior to 33 completed weeks; OR 0.14, 95% CI 0.02-0.95. Treatment was associated with 32 days longer gestation for the 23 participants who had late miscarriage or spontaneous preterm birth (P= 0.024, Mann-Whitney U test) and significantly fewer infants had a birthweight below 2,500 g (secondary outcome). A follow up of infants born preterm 4 years postnatally indicated that extending gestational age did not increase the number of sequelae. CONCLUSIONS: Clindamycin vaginal cream therapy was associated with significantly prolonged gestation and reduced cost of neonatal care in women with BV. Early screening for BV and treatment with clindamycin saved approximately 27 euro per woman.
P-G Larsson; L Fåhraeus; B Carlsson; T Jakobsson; U Forsum;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1470-0328     ISO Abbreviation:  BJOG     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-19     Completed Date:  2006-07-13     Revised Date:  2007-01-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100935741     Medline TA:  BJOG     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  629-37     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kärnsjukhuset, Skövde, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Spontaneous / prevention & control*
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
Birth Weight
Clindamycin / therapeutic use*
Infant, Newborn
Odds Ratio
Pregnancy Outcome
Premature Birth / prevention & control*
Statistics, Nonparametric
Survival Analysis
Treatment Outcome
Vaginosis, Bacterial / drug therapy*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 18323-44-9/Clindamycin
Comment In:
BJOG. 2006 Dec;113(12):1483; author reply 1484   [PMID:  17176286 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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