Document Detail


Late hemodynamic changes following controlled hemorrhage and volume restitution with blood or Haemaccel in anesthetized portal hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12423278     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In portal hypertensive rats, hemorrhage and acute volume restitution with Haemaccel induced increased cardiac output and portal venous inflow. In the present study, the late hemodynamic effects of this procedure were explored. METHODS: Portal hypertension was induced by portal vein constriction. Blood was withdrawn 11.2 +/- 3.2 days later, at a rate of 0.3 mL/min, for 15 min, followed by 15 min of stabilization. Haemaccel or blood were infused at the same rate and volume used for withdrawal. Hemodynamic measurements were performed after 24 h, using radioactive microspheres. Viscosity was measured with an Ostwald viscometer. Vascular hindrance was calculated as resistance/viscosity ratio. RESULTS: Blood viscosity of the Haemaccel group (n = 11), was lower than in the blood group (n = 11): 2.7 +/- 0.2 versus 4.0 +/- 0.4 (P < 0.01). Arterial pressure, cardiac output, peripheral resistance, portal pressure, portal venous inflow and splanchnic arteriolar resistance were not significantly different. Splanchnic arteriolar and portocollateral hindrance were higher in the Haemaccel group (11.7 +/- 5.3 and 1.5 +/- 0.6 vs 7.7 +/- 3.0 and 0.9 +/- 0.4 mmHg x min x 100 gram body weight/mL, respectively, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In portal hypertensive rats, vital organs perfusion, 24 h after hemorrhage and isovolemic volume restitution with Haemaccel and blood, was similar. However, in Haemaccel-transfused animals, a reduction in vascular hindrance, indicating vasoconstriction, was observed in the splanchnic organs, which drain into the portal circulation. Vasoconstriction of the portocollateral vascular bed was observed as well. We suggest that slow-rate volume replacement during a portal-hypertensive-related bleeding episode enables hemodynamic adaptation to occur. Thus, undesirable hyperdynamic changes, which may aggravate secondary bleeding, are attenuated.
Authors:
Nir Hilzenrat; Arieh Yaari; Emanuel Sikuler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0815-9319     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-08     Completed Date:  2003-04-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607909     Medline TA:  J Gastroenterol Hepatol     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1317-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Affiliation:
Liver Research Laboratory, The Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood
Blood Viscosity
Blood Volume*
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / physiopathology*
Hemodynamics / physiology*
Hypertension, Portal / physiopathology*
Male
Polygeline / therapeutic use*
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9015-56-9/Polygeline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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