Document Detail


Late gestation cerebellar growth is rapid and impeded by premature birth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15741373     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairments and academic failure are commonly reported in survivors of preterm birth. Recent studies suggest an important role for the cerebellum in the development of cognitive and social functions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of prematurity itself, as well as prematurity-related brain injuries, on early postnatal cerebellar growth with quantitative MRI. METHODS: Advanced 3-dimensional volumetric MRI was performed and cerebellar volumes were obtained by manual outlining in preterm (<37 weeks) and healthy term-born infants. Intracranial and total brain volumes were also calculated. RESULTS: A total of 169 preterm and 20 healthy full-term infants were studied; 145 had preterm MRI (pMRI), 75 had term MRI (tMRI), and 51 underwent both pMRI and tMRI. From 28 weeks' postconceptional age to term, mean cerebellar volume (177%) in preterm infants increased at a much faster rate than did mean intracranial (110%) or mean brain (107%) volumes. Smaller cerebellar volume was significantly related to lower gestational age at birth and to intracranial and total brain volumes. Mean cerebellar volume of preterm infants at tMRI was significantly smaller than the volumes of term-born infants. Cerebellar growth impairment was correlated strongly with associated brain injuries, even in the absence of direct cerebellar injury. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the growth of the immature cerebellum is particularly rapid during late gestation. However, this accelerated growth seems to be impeded by premature birth and associated brain injury. The long-term neurodevelopmental disabilities seen in survivors of premature birth may be attributable in part to impaired cerebellar development.
Authors:
Catherine Limperopoulos; Janet S Soul; Kimberlee Gauvreau; Petra S Huppi; Simon K Warfield; Haim Bassan; Richard L Robertson; Joseph J Volpe; Adré J du Plessis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  115     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-02     Completed Date:  2005-06-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  688-95     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Ave, Fegan 11, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. catherine.limperopoulos@childrens.harvard.edu.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Birth Weight
Cerebellum / anatomy & histology,  embryology,  growth & development*,  pathology
Fetal Development
Gestational Age
Humans
Imaging, Three-Dimensional
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / growth & development*
Intracranial Hemorrhages / pathology*
Linear Models
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Reference Values
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P41 RR13218/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R21 MH67054/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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