Document Detail


Late Maxillary Protraction in Patients With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: A Preliminary Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23237432     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives :  This preliminary retrospective study assessed the dentoskeletal effect of late maxillary protraction (LMP; reverse-pull headgear, Class III elastics, and maxillary sutural loosening) in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients versus a control group of untreated UCLP patients. Materials and Methods :  Cephalograms taken at age 13 to 14 years (T1) and 17 to 18 years (T2) were used for this study. The study group comprised 18 patients (10 male and 8 female, mean age at start of LMP therapy = 13.4 [0.45] years). A control groups of 17 patients (8 male and 9 female, mean age = 13.5 [0.44] years) was used for comparison. Results :  The repeated-measures analysis of variance showed statistically significant changes across time between groups for the following variables (mean difference [T2-T1] in the study group, 95% confidence interval): SNA (°) (1.95, 0.75 to 3.15), A ⊥ Na Perp (mm) (1.82, 0.86 to 2.77), CoA (mm) (2.92, 1.53 to 4.31), ANB (°) (3.13, 2.02 to 4.24), Wits (mm) (7.82, 5.01 to 10.54), Mx-Md Diff (mm) (0.62, -1.58 to 2.83), Occl P-SN (°) (-3.98, -5.99 to -1.98), overjet (mm) (8.82, 5.90 to 11.74), FMIA (°) (4.05, -0.05 to 8.15), and IMPA (°) (-5.77, -9.74 to -1.80). Late maxillary protraction created a slight open bite (0.66 mm). Trends for overeruption of mandibular incisors and an increase in lower face height (P = .07 for both) were noted in the study group. Conclusions :  Late maxillary protraction produced a combination of skeletal changes (protraction of maxilla, improvement in the maxillo-mandibular skeletal relationship) and dental compensations (counterclockwise rotation of occlusal plane, retroclination of mandibular incisors) in patients with UCLP. Late maxillary protraction was also associated with some unwanted tooth movements (open bite tendency, mandibular incisors overeruption).
Authors:
Ali Borzabadi-Farahani; Christianne J Lane; Stephen L-K Yen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1545-1569     ISO Abbreviation:  Cleft Palate Craniofac. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102566     Medline TA:  Cleft Palate Craniofac J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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