Document Detail


Late cardiac preconditioning by exercise in dogs is mediated by mitochondrial potassium channels.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20571431     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We previously showed that exercise induces myocardial preconditioning in dogs and that early preconditioning is mediated through mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels. We decided to study if late preconditioning by exercise is also mediated through these channels. Forty-eight dogs, surgically instrumented and trained to run daily, were randomly assigned to 4 groups: (1) Nonpreconditioned dogs: under anesthesia, the coronary artery was occluded during 1 hour and then reperfused during 4.5 hours. (2) Late preconditioned dogs: similar to group 1, but the dogs run on the treadmill for 5 periods of 5 minutes each, 24 hours before the coronary occlusion. (3) Late preconditioned dogs plus 5-hydroxydecanoate (5HD): similar to group 2, but 5HD was administered before the coronary occlusion. (4) Nonpreconditioned dogs plus 5HD: similar to group 1, but 5HD was administered before the coronary occlusion. Infarct size (percent of the risk region) decreased by effect of exercise by 56% (P < 0.05), and this effect was abolished with 5HD. 5HD by itself did not modify infarct size. Exercise did not induce myocardial ischemia, and the hemodynamics during ischemia-reperfusion period did not differ among groups. These effects were independent of changes in collateral flow to the ischemic region. We concluded that late cardiac preconditioning by exercise is mediated through mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels.
Authors:
Víctor M Parra; Pilar Macho; Raúl J Domenech
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1533-4023     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  268-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
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