Document Detail

Laparoscopy versus laparotomy in the management of ectopic pregnancy with massive hemoperitoneum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23969336     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and feasibility of operative laparoscopy versus laparotomy in women with ruptured ectopic pregnancy and massive hemoperitoneum.
METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study at a university-affiliated medical center, records of women with ruptured ectopic pregnancy and massive hemoperitoneum (>800mL) were reviewed.
RESULTS: Sixty women were diagnosed with ruptured ectopic pregnancy and massive hemoperitoneum: 48 underwent emergency laparoscopy; 12 underwent emergency laparotomy. There was no difference in hemodynamic status at presentation between the groups. Median operating time was significantly shorter in the laparoscopy group (50minutes [range, 43-63minutes] vs 60minutes [range, 60-72minutes]; P=0.01). Median intra-abdominal blood loss was significantly greater in the laparotomy group (1500mL [range, 1400-2000mL] vs 1000mL [range, 800-1200mL]; P=0.002). There was no difference between the groups regarding treatment with blood products, perioperative complications, and hospitalization period.
CONCLUSION: In patients with ruptured ectopic pregnancy and massive hemoperitoneum, laparoscopy is feasible and safe, with significantly shorter operating times compared with laparotomy. While the mode of surgery should be based on the surgeon's experience and preference, the significantly lower hemoperitoneum volume associated with laparoscopy may be a reflection of shorter operating times and quicker hemorrhage control.
Aviad Cohen; Benny Almog; Abed Satel; Joseph B Lessing; Ziv Tsafrir; Ishai Levin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3479     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Gynaecol Obstet     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0210174     Medline TA:  Int J Gynaecol Obstet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:
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