Document Detail

Laparoscopic manoeuvre for orchidopexy in high intra-abdominal testes when cremasteric artery is present.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19926341     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of high intra-abdominal testes (HIT) associated with the presence of the cremasteric artery (CA). The aim was to correlate the normal anatomy of the CA with the clinical finding in our patient and discuss its surgical implication. METHODS: Left primary laparoscopic testicular descent by the Prentiss manoeuvre was performed in a 2 year-old boy with bilateral HIT. Cadaveric dissection was carried out focusing on the anatomical origin of the CA. Data obtained from cadavers and the clinical findings were analyzed. RESULTS: During laparoscopic orchiopexy a left HIT was found in the presence of the CA. Primary tension-free orchiopexy was achieved preserving the CA. Our cadaver study revealed that the CA arose more frequently (68%) from the medial aspect of the inferior epigastric artery. CONCLUSION: In the presence of HIT, surgeons should be aware of the CA as part of the testicular collateral circulation. Acquaintance with the normal anatomy of the CA is important to determine the most appropriate laparoscopic manoeuvre in orchiopexy when this artery is present. We believe that the Prentiss manoeuvre avoids compression and strangulation of the CA around the epigastric vessels while allowing testicular placement in the scrotum.
Claudio De Carli; Marcos Bettolli; Michael Leonard; Esteban Jauregui; Luis Guerra
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2009-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric urology     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1873-4898     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Urol     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-04     Completed Date:  2010-06-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101233150     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Urol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Pediatric Urology, Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Cryptorchidism / surgery*
Testis / blood supply*
Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male / methods

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