Document Detail

Laparoscopic insertion with tip suturing, omentectomy, and ovariopexy improves lifespan of peritoneal dialysis catheters in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18373463     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Over the past two decades, chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) has emerged as the first choice pediatric dialysis modality. A recent study visually identified the cause of malfunction of PD catheters at the Red Cross Children's Hospital in Cape Town. The reasons that could be found, lead to changed Tenckhoff insertion-techniques from open to laparoscopic. This included suturing of the tip, omentectomy and ovarian-pexy by laparoscopy. In the present paper we prospectively analyzed, if changed insertion technique lead to an improved outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 26 Patients required 36 laparoscopic Tenckhoff insertions during the period August of 2003 and July of 2006. Overall a total number of 222.5 catheter-months have been observed. Laparoscopic insertion technique required 3 port placements. The tip of the catheter was sutured to pelvic peritoneum, omentectomy performed through a port site and ovariopexy done when required. RESULTS: The mean lifespan of all Tenckhoff's was 6.4 +/- 6.3 months. The tip of the catheter was sutured 20 times, omentectomy done in 9 cases and 6 patients underwent ovarian pexy. In the group where the tip was sutured to the pelvic peritoneum catheter life was 8.4 months compared to the non-sutured group which was only 4.1. Omentectomy lead to an overall catheter survival of 8.0 months compared to the no omentectomy group, which had a survival of 5.8 months. The complication-rate concerning early problems and malfunctions in the sutured and omentectomy groups was also lower. Patients who underwent both, suturing of the tip and omentectomy had no malfunctions at all. CONCLUSION: Omentectomy and suturing the tip can lower the complication-rate and prolong catheter survival. Using these procedures could decrease costs and morbidity and prevent patients from having further operations.
Alp Numanoglu; Leo Rasche; Michael A Roth; Mignon I McCulloch; Heinz Rode
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1092-6429     ISO Abbreviation:  J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-31     Completed Date:  2008-08-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706293     Medline TA:  J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  302-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, School of Child and Adolescent Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Catheterization / adverse effects,  methods*
Catheters, Indwelling*
Child, Preschool
Equipment Failure
Omentum / surgery*
Peritoneal Dialysis* / adverse effects

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