Document Detail


Language-related skills in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6198335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The success of cranial irradiation and chemotherapy in the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) has raised concerns about possible central nervous system damage in long-term survivors. The current study focused on language-related skill measures obtained as part of a neuropsychological test battery. Performance was analyzed as a function of age at diagnosis and age at evaluation in a sample of 110 children with ALL (mean age = 13.28 years). Results, although for the most part nonsignificant, do reveal significantly poorer performance on an Aphasia Screening Test rating by those diagnosed early (at or before five years of age) and assessed at or before 13 years of age when contrasted with those diagnosed early and assessed after their thirteenth year. Further analysis revealed a significant decline in spelling scores for those off therapy for more than two years. There was also a consistent trend for decline across most language-related skills measures as time off therapy increased. These results reflect either recovery from mild acute language dysfunction over time superimposed on a general trend for decline in language-related skills as time off therapy increases, or sampling error. Suggestions for future lines of investigation are discussed.
Authors:
K A Moehle; R A Berg; L T Ch'ien; W Lancaster
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0196-206X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Publication Date:  1983 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-03-12     Completed Date:  1984-03-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006933     Medline TA:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Achievement
Adolescent
Aphasia / psychology
Child
Combined Modality Therapy
Humans
Language Development Disorders / psychology*
Language Disorders / psychology*
Leukemia, Lymphoid / psychology*,  therapy
Neuropsychological Tests
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA 24079/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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