Document Detail

Language and the infant brain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10466093     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three logically and empirically independent issues are often conflated in theory and research on brain and language: localization, innateness, and domain specificity. Research on adults and infants with focal brain injury support the following conclusions: (a) linguistic knowledge is not innate, and it is not localized in a clear and compact from in either the infant or adult brain; (b) the infant brain is not, however, a tabala rasa-it is already highly differentiated at birth, and certain regions are biased from the beginning toward modes of information processing that are particularly useful for language, leading (in the absence of local injury) to the standard form of brain organization for language; (c) the processing biases that lead to the "standard brain plan" are innate and localized, in both infants and adults, but they are not specific to language; and (d) the infant brain is highly plastic, permitting alternative "brain plans" for language to emerge if the standard situation does not hold.
E Bates
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of communication disorders     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0021-9924     ISO Abbreviation:  J Commun Disord     Publication Date:    1999 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-14     Completed Date:  1999-10-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260316     Medline TA:  J Commun Disord     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  195-205     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0526, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / growth & development*,  physiology
Brain Injuries / psychology
Infant, Newborn
Language Development*
Models, Psychological
Nerve Net / growth & development*
Grant Support
2 R01-DC99216/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P50 DC012389-0351/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P50 NS22343/NS/NINDS NIH HHS

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