Document Detail

Lactation duration: influences of human milk replacements and formula samples on women planning postpartum employment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9836159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influences of inhospital administration of breast milk replacements and receipt of formula samples on lactation duration among women planning postpartum employment. DESIGN: Prospective design. SETTING: Telephone interviews conducted prenatally and at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months post-partum. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine participants entered the study; 53 completed all scheduled interviews. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence and type of in-hospital human milk replacement, incidence and sources of formula samples, incidence of breastfeeding at 6 weeks postpartum, and duration of lactation. RESULTS: During hospitalization, 19% of infants received formula; the incidence of breastfeeding at 6 weeks and duration of breastfeeding were significantly shorter in these infants compared with infants who were not fed formula. Fifty-nine percent of participants received formula samples from the hospital, 30% received samples from a physician's office, and 51% received samples by mail. Receipt of formula samples by mail was associated with reduced incidence of breastfeeding at 6 weeks and shortened duration of lactation. CONCLUSIONS: Early formula feeding and receipt of formula samples by mail may be barriers to lactation in women employed outside the home.
J Chezem; C Friesen; P Montgomery; T Fortman; H Clark
Related Documents :
576379 - Differences in subcutaneous fat in breast- and formula-fed infants.
7808829 - Similar gastric emptying rates for casein- and whey-predominant formulas in preterm inf...
3511129 - Specialized formulas and feedings for infants with malabsorption or formula intolerance.
15239349 - Pathogenesis of early atherosclerotic lesions in infants.
21103029 - A comparative investigation of an in vitro and clinical test of the bifidogenic effect ...
12064969 - The role of fats in the lifecycle stages: pregnancy and the first year of life.
18488549 - Decreasing ice coverage will reduce the breeding success of baltic grey seal (halichoer...
20542889 - Size of internal jugular vs subclavian vein in small infants: an observational, anatomi...
542899 - Threatened abortion, hormone therapy and malformed embryos.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1998 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-02-09     Completed Date:  1999-02-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  646-51     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Infant Food*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal-Child Nursing*
Milk, Human*
Mother-Child Relations*
Postpartum Period*
Prospective Studies
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Can precolposcopy education increase knowledge and decrease anxiety?
Next Document:  Mechanisms of full-term and preterm labor: factors influencing uterine activity.