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Lactase Deficiency: A Potential Novel Aetiological Factor in Chronic Pruritus of Unknown Origin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21879247     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chronic pruritus, which is associated with a wide variety of underlying diseases, represents a challenge in diagnostics and treatment in dermatology and general medicine. The cause of pruritus remains unknown in up to 45% of patients. In this study, 718 patients with chronic pruritus were analysed concerning lactase deficiency, demographic data, aetiology, duration and intensity of pruritus. A total of 154 patients were tested positive for lactase deficiency and 38.3% showed a significant anti-pruritic response to a lactose-free diet (minimum 4 weeks). The best results were observed in patients with pruritus of mixed or unknown origin (n = 91; 64% response). Age, sex, localization or duration had no significant influence on the anti-pruritic effect of a lactose-free diet. Lactase deficiency might be an independent causal factor in the elicitation of chronic pruritus. Thus, screening for lactase deficiency represents a rational step in the diagnostic work-up of chronic pruritus. In case of a positive test result, a lactose-free diet offers a low-cost, efficient and specific therapy in patients with chronic pruritus.
Authors:
Sonja A Grundmann; Ewelina Stratmann; Randolf Brehler; Thomas A Luger; Sonja Ständer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta dermato-venereologica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0001-5555     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370310     Medline TA:  Acta Derm Venereol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Dermatology and Competence Center Chronic Pruritus, University Hospital, DE-48149 Münster, Germany. E-mail: sonja.grundmann@ukmuenster.de.
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