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Lack of physical activity in young children is related to higher composite risk factor score for cardiovascular disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21342249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aim:  This study evaluates if accelerometer measured physical activity is related to higher composite risk factor scores for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in children. Methods:  Cross-sectional study that included 223 children aged 7.9-11.1 years (boys n=123, girls n=100). Daily physical activity was assessed by accelerometers for four days. Body fat was quantified by dual x-ray absorptiometry. Maximal oxygen uptake was measured during a maximal exercise test. Resting heart rate and blood pressure were measured. Z-scores [(value for the individual-mean value for group)/SD] were calculated for each variable and the sum of different risk factor z-scores used as an index of composite risk factors score for CVD. Results:  Partial correlations, from General Linear Model, between moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), vigorous physical activity (VPA) and general physical activity (GPA) versus index of composite risk factor score were in boys -0.29, -0.33 and -0.30 (all p<0.05). The corresponding correlations in girls were -0.28, -0.32 (both p<0.05), and -0.18, (NS). Conclusion:  Low amounts of MVPA and VPA were related to higher composite risk factor scores for CVD in children aged 8-11 years.
Tina Tanha; Per Wollmer; Ola Thorsson; Magnus K Karlsson; Christian Lindén; Lars B Andersen; Magnus Dencker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Acta Paediatrica © 2011 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Dept of Clinical Sciences, Unit of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. Dept of Clinical Sciences, and Orthopaedics, Clinical and Molecular Osteoporosis Research Unit, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. Center for Research in Childhood Health, Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
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