Document Detail

Laboratory evaluation of two native fishes from tropical North Queensland as biological control agents of subterranean Aedes aegypti.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11480819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The ability of 2 freshwater fishes, eastern rainbow fish Melanotaenia splendida splendida and fly-specked hardyhead Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum stercusmuscarum, native to North Queensland to prey on immature Aedes aegypti was evaluated under laboratory conditions. The predation efficiency of the 2 species was compared to the exotic guppy, Poecilia reticulata, which is commonly used as a biological control agent of mosquito larvae. Of the 3 fish species tested, M. s. splendida was shown to be the most promising agent for the biological control of Ae. aegypti that breed in wells. Melanotaenia s. splendida consumed significantly greater numbers of immature Ae. aegypti than P. reticulata, irrespective of developmental stage or light conditions. Unlike C s. stercusmuscarum, M. s. splendida could be handled, transported, and kept in captivity for extended periods with negligible mortality. However, M. s. splendida was also an efficient predator of Litoria caerulea tadpoles, a species of native frog found in wells during the dry season. This result may limit the usefulness of M. s. splendida as a biological control agent of well-breeding Ae. aegypti and suggests that predacious copepods, Mesocyclops spp., are more suitable. However, the use of M. s. splendida as a mosquito control agent in containers that are unlikely to support frog populations (e.g., aquaculture tanks and drinking troughs) should be given serious consideration.
B M Russell; J Wang; Y Williams; M N Hearnden; B H Kay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association     Volume:  17     ISSN:  8756-971X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc.     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-01     Completed Date:  2001-12-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511299     Medline TA:  J Am Mosq Control Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  124-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Feeding Behavior
Pest Control, Biological / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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