Document Detail

Labels can override perceptual categories in early infancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17512515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An extensive body of research claims that labels facilitate categorisation, highlight the commonalities between objects and act as invitations to form categories for young infants before their first birthday. While this may indeed be a reasonable claim, we argue that it is not justified by the experiments described in the research. We report on a series of experiments that demonstrate that labels can play a causal role in category formation during infancy. Ten-month-old infants were taught to group computer-displayed, novel cartoon drawings into two categories under tightly controlled experimental conditions. Infants were given the opportunity to learn the two categories under four conditions: Without any labels, with two labels that correlated with category membership, with two labels assigned randomly to objects, and with one label assigned to all objects. Category formation was assessed identically in all conditions using a novelty preference procedure conducted in the absence of any labels. The labelling condition had a decisive impact on the way infants formed categories: When two labels correlated with the visual category information, infants learned two categories, just as if there had been no labels presented. However, uncorrelated labels completely disrupted the formation of any categories. Finally, consistent use of a single label across objects led infants to learn one broad category that included all the objects. These findings demonstrate that even before infants start to produce their first words, the labels they hear can override the manner in which they categorise objects.
Kim Plunkett; Jon-Fan Hu; Leslie B Cohen
Related Documents :
15720375 - Infants' enumeration of actions: numerical discrimination and its signature limits.
19899915 - The effect of a looker's past reliability on infants' reasoning about beliefs.
19748305 - The emergence of multisensory systems through perceptual narrowing.
17869235 - Goal attribution to inanimate agents by 6.5-month-old infants.
16397875 - Effects of pressure support ventilation plus volume guarantee vs. high-frequency oscill...
2396615 - Serum sodium concentration and intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-05-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognition     Volume:  106     ISSN:  0010-0277     ISO Abbreviation:  Cognition     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-24     Completed Date:  2008-03-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367541     Medline TA:  Cognition     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  665-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Oxford University, Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Perception / physiology*
Photic Stimulation
Set (Psychology)

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Use of an interferon-gamma based assay to assess bladder cancer patients treated with intravesical B...
Next Document:  Numeric comparison in a visually-guided manual reaching task.