Document Detail

LDL-oxidation and -subgroups in normo- and hypertensive patients with and without a family history of hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12099148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Oxidative modification of low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) increases its atherogenic potential to induce the accumulation of lipids and cells in the vascular wall. Patients have different lipoprotein profiles according to their LDL-subgroup pattern. The subgroup of LDL, which is most susceptible to oxidation, is most likely the dense LDL3 subfraction. In order to study an assumed association between hypertension, LDL subgroup distribution and the susceptibility of LDL to oxidation, 14 normotensive patients without family histories of hypertension (NT), 13 normotensive patients with family histories of hypertension (NT-FH), 10 hypertensive patients without family histories of (HT) and 11 hypertensive patients with family histories of hypertension (HT-FH) were evaluated.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: LDL was oxidatively modified by incubation with copper ions (1.6 microM/L). The course of LDL-oxidation was measured in vitro by continuous photometric monitoring and the quantitative distribution of 3 LDL-subgroups by capillary isotachophoresis (ITP).
RESULTS: The lag-phases of NT-FH and hypertensive patients were shorter than those of the control group (NT: 116 +/- 36 minutes; NT-FH 92 +/- 32 minutes, p < 0.05; HT: 95 +/- 41 minutes; HT-FH: 76 +/- 33 minutes, p < 0.05). Compared to NT a significant difference in the relative preponderance of LDL3 subgroup was observed for HT-FH (23.5 +/- 4.6% versus NT: 19.3 +/- 6.6%), additionally, statistical analysis showed a similar trend amongst the other patient groups (NT-FH: 20.4 +/- 7.4%, HT: 21.4 +/- 4.6%).
CONCLUSIONS: The increased occurrence of the LDL3 subgroup might contribute to a higher susceptibility to LDL oxidation and therefore create an increased risk of vascular disease in the genotypic and phenotypic hypertensive patient population.
C Brockes; R Locher; A Böttcher; G Schmitz; W Vetter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  VASA. Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0301-1526     ISO Abbreviation:  VASA     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-08     Completed Date:  2002-09-03     Revised Date:  2012-10-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0317051     Medline TA:  Vasa     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  75-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
University Hospital Zurich, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hypertension, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Hypertension / blood,  genetics*
Lipoproteins, LDL / blood*
Middle Aged
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipoproteins, LDL

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