Document Detail


LAIR2-expressing extravillous trophoblasts associate with maternal spiral arterioles undergoing physiologic conversion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23332415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor 2 (LAIR2) was identified on a global gene expression microarray analysis of surplus chorionic villus sampling (CVS) tissues as down-regulated in the first trimester of preeclampsia pregnancies. LAIR2 is the soluble receptor counterpart to LAIR1, an inhibitory receptor found on multiple immune cell subsets. In situ and immunohistochemical studies have previously shown that placental expression of LAIR2 expression is highly restricted, confined to the more distal portions of extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cell columns. This study examines LAIR2 expression in deeper layers of trophoblasts in the placental implantation site, maternal decidua and maternal spiral arterioles. Immunohistochemical staining detected LAIR2 expression on a subset of EVT within the implantation site. This trophoblast included the invasive EVT infiltrating the maternal decidual vessels and the EVT forming the endovascular trophoblastic plugs. More specifically, LAIR2-positive EVT showed a striking predilection for maternal decidual arterioles and the immediately surrounding decidua. Moreover, the appearance of EVT expressing LAIR2 in these areas was contemporaneous with the process of spiral arteriole remodeling. Based on these findings, we suggest that LAIR2-expressing EVT may play an important role in the remodeling of maternal spiral arterioles.
Authors:
S A Founds; B Fallert-Junecko; T A Reinhart; W T Parks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Placenta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-3102     ISO Abbreviation:  Placenta     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006349     Medline TA:  Placenta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, USA.
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