Document Detail

Kuwait's total diet study: dietary intake of organochlorine, carbamate, benzimidazole and phenylurea pesticide residues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10589497     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The State of Kuwait in cooperation with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted a Total Diet Study (TDS) to estimate intakes of pesticide residues by the population. The levels of organochlorine (OC) pesticides, carbamates, benzimidazoles, and phenylureas in the TDS core list are reported here. The TDS core list was established through a national food consumption survey. All food items (140 for the Kuwaiti adult) were prepared as eaten and analyzed for the pesticides mentioned above. The FDA's multiresidue methods in Volume I of the Pesticide Analytical Manual were used in gas, liquid, and gel permeation chromatographic analyses. Only vegetable and fruit samples contained pesticide residues (mg/kg), including the carbamates 1-naphthol (1.4) and 3H-carbofuran (0.94) in carrots; the OC pesticide vinclozolin (0.47), 3H-carbofuran (0.66), and fenuron (0.6) in kiwi fruit; the OC pesticide procymidone (0.32) and carbendazim (0.5) in grapes; 3H-carbofuran (5.0) in apricots; the OC pesticides captan (0.013) and thiabendazole (0.63) in pears; captan (0.035) in plums; and carbendazim (0.4) in mandarin oranges. The levels of 3H-carbofuran found in both apricots and kiwi fruit exceeded the maximum residue limits (MRLs) of the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) of the United Nations. The daily intakes of pesticides by the different population groups are discussed in light of the FAO/WHO acceptable daily intakes.
W N Sawaya; F A al-Awadhi; T Saeed; A al-Omair; N Ahmad; A Husain; S Khalafawi; H al-Omirah; B Dashti; H al-Amiri; J al-Saqer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AOAC International     Volume:  82     ISSN:  1060-3271     ISO Abbreviation:  J AOAC Int     Publication Date:    1999 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-04     Completed Date:  2000-01-04     Revised Date:  2008-03-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215446     Medline TA:  J AOAC Int     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1458-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Biotechnology Department, Safat, Kuwait.
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MeSH Terms
Benzimidazoles / analysis*
Carbamates / analysis*
Chromatography, Gas
Chromatography, Liquid
Food Analysis / methods*
Fruit / chemistry
Insecticides / administration & dosage*
Pesticide Residues / analysis*
Phenylurea Compounds / analysis*
Vegetables / chemistry
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzimidazoles; 0/Carbamates; 0/Insecticides; 0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Phenylurea Compounds

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