Document Detail


Kuwait's total diet study: dietary intake of organochlorine, carbamate, benzimidazole and phenylurea pesticide residues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10589497     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The State of Kuwait in cooperation with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted a Total Diet Study (TDS) to estimate intakes of pesticide residues by the population. The levels of organochlorine (OC) pesticides, carbamates, benzimidazoles, and phenylureas in the TDS core list are reported here. The TDS core list was established through a national food consumption survey. All food items (140 for the Kuwaiti adult) were prepared as eaten and analyzed for the pesticides mentioned above. The FDA's multiresidue methods in Volume I of the Pesticide Analytical Manual were used in gas, liquid, and gel permeation chromatographic analyses. Only vegetable and fruit samples contained pesticide residues (mg/kg), including the carbamates 1-naphthol (1.4) and 3H-carbofuran (0.94) in carrots; the OC pesticide vinclozolin (0.47), 3H-carbofuran (0.66), and fenuron (0.6) in kiwi fruit; the OC pesticide procymidone (0.32) and carbendazim (0.5) in grapes; 3H-carbofuran (5.0) in apricots; the OC pesticides captan (0.013) and thiabendazole (0.63) in pears; captan (0.035) in plums; and carbendazim (0.4) in mandarin oranges. The levels of 3H-carbofuran found in both apricots and kiwi fruit exceeded the maximum residue limits (MRLs) of the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) of the United Nations. The daily intakes of pesticides by the different population groups are discussed in light of the FAO/WHO acceptable daily intakes.
Authors:
W N Sawaya; F A al-Awadhi; T Saeed; A al-Omair; N Ahmad; A Husain; S Khalafawi; H al-Omirah; B Dashti; H al-Amiri; J al-Saqer
Related Documents :
3359117 - Do comparisons of a food characteristic with ideal necessarily involve learning?
8642317 - Characterization of apoptosis-resistant antigen-specific t cells in vivo.
3235407 - Pesticide residue findings by the luke method in domestic and imported foods and animal...
12425107 - Pesticide residues in human food and wildlife in the netherlands.
19039487 - Lecithotrophic behaviour in zoea and megalopa larvae of the ghost shrimp lepidophthalmu...
20869207 - Validation of an australian electronic food frequency questionnaire to measure polyunsa...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AOAC International     Volume:  82     ISSN:  1060-3271     ISO Abbreviation:  J AOAC Int     Publication Date:    1999 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-04     Completed Date:  2000-01-04     Revised Date:  2008-03-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215446     Medline TA:  J AOAC Int     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1458-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Biotechnology Department, Safat, Kuwait.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Benzimidazoles / analysis*
Carbamates / analysis*
Chromatography, Gas
Chromatography, Liquid
Diet
Food Analysis / methods*
Fruit / chemistry
Humans
Insecticides / administration & dosage*
Kuwait
Pesticide Residues / analysis*
Phenylurea Compounds / analysis*
Vegetables / chemistry
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzimidazoles; 0/Carbamates; 0/Insecticides; 0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Phenylurea Compounds

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Multiresidue analysis of pesticides in fresh fruits and vegetables using procedures developed by the...
Next Document:  Analysis of interlaboratory performance in the determination of total selenium in water.