Document Detail


Konzo outbreak among refugees from Central African Republic in Eastern region, Cameroon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20538034     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Konzo is a spastic paraparesis of sudden onset, linked to the exclusive consumption of insufficiently processed bitter cassava as staple food combined with low protein intake. Around 60,000 refugees from the Central African Republic sought refuge in villages in eastern Cameroon between 2005 and 2007. Médecins Sans Frontières was providing nutritional and medical assistance in the villages affected by displacement. We describe cases of konzo seen at the mobile clinics organized in these villages. Basic information including demographic data, history and clinical presentation was recorded for each konzo patient. All patients were given nutritional supplements, and selected cases were referred for physiotherapy to a rehabilitation center. A total of 469 patients were diagnosed with konzo. The majority (80%) were refugees. Children and women of reproductive age predominated. Most of the patients developed symptoms after 2007 in a seasonal pattern with most of the cases occurring during the dry winter season. Most of the patients complained about walking difficulties and weight loss and had exaggerated lower limb reflexes and muscle wasting on observation. Eastern Cameroon is an area with konzo. More effort needs to be put into preventive and educational measures. In addition, timely balanced food rations have to be provided to refugees.
Authors:
I Ciglenečki; R Eyema; C Kabanda; F Taafo; H Mekaoui; V Urbaniak
Related Documents :
127814 - Quantification of bacteria in isolated pilosebaceous follicles in normal skin.
16331484 - Increase in macrophage migration inhibitory factor levels in lacrimal fluid of patients...
16225924 - Feasibility and efficacy of a mass switch from latanoprost to bimatoprost in glaucoma p...
18653914 - Tetany in kala azar patients treated with paromomycin.
12933644 - Minireview: from anorexia to obesity--the yin and yang of body weight control.
7062544 - The fatal cafe coronary. foreign-body airway obstruction.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  579-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  On the biomarkers and mechanisms of konzo, a distinct upper motor neuron disease associated with foo...
Next Document:  Evaluation of genotoxicity from Nilufer stream (Bursa/Turkey) water using Piscine Micronucleus Test.