Document Detail

Knowledge and practices of farmers with reference to pesticide management: implications on human health.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22524652     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practices of Ethiopian farmers about pesticide management: implications for human health. A pretested standardized questionnaire was administered. The results revealed that the great majority 174 (99.4%) farmers had ample awareness about pesticide impact on human health. However, various hazardous practices have also been documented. One hundred thirty-five (77.2%) farmers make use of the empty pesticide containers for various household purposes. The most frequent self-reported toxicity symptoms associated with pesticide use were headache (58.8%), salivation and vomiting (38.2%), nausea (36.5%), and sneezing (12.5%). Chi-square analysis revealed a strong association between the farmer's educational status and reported toxicity symptoms (p = .0001; χ(2) = 498.2; df = 30). Creating awareness about safe usage of pesticide is extremely vital by special orientation programs. Besides, promoting alternative pest control strategies such as use of biopesticides and integrated pest management (IPM) could be productive.
Kaliyaperumal Karunamoorthi; Mubarek Mohammed; Fantahun Wassie
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of environmental & occupational health     Volume:  67     ISSN:  1933-8244     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Environ Occup Health     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-24     Completed Date:  2012-06-22     Revised Date:  2012-09-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101282564     Medline TA:  Arch Environ Occup Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-16     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Unit of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia. k
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MeSH Terms
Agriculture / statistics & numerical data*
Educational Status
Ethiopia / epidemiology
Headache / chemically induced
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Middle Aged
Nausea / chemically induced
Occupational Exposure / adverse effects,  statistics & numerical data
Pesticides / adverse effects*
Salivation / drug effects
Sneezing / drug effects
Vomiting / chemically induced
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:

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