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Knowledge and practice of physicians and nutritionists regarding the prevention of food allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23238238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To evaluate the knowledge and practice of pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologists, allergists and nutritionists regarding the primary prevention of food allergy. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study that enrolled pediatricians (n = 80), pediatric gastroenterologists (n = 120), allergists (n = 100) and nutritionists (n = 220). A self-administered questionnaire concerning the current recommendations was used. RESULTS: Despite the lack of current recommendations, 17.1% (n = 89) of all professionals, mainly nutritionists, recommended a maternal exclusion diet during pregnancy. More professionals in the sample group, 40.8% (n = 212), recommended a maternal exclusion diet during breastfeeding, and the rates of recommendation were higher in nutritionists and pediatricians compared to allergists and pediatric gastroenterologists (p < 0.001). Regarding the recommended timing of the introduction of complementary feeding, 41.9% (n = 218) of the professionals recommended modifying the age of introduction to prevent the development of food allergy. The majority of the professionals believed that prebiotics (61.2%; n = 318) and probiotics (44.4%; 231) prevent the development of food allergy. The recommended age of introduction for the main allergenic foods was 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that there are gaps in the knowledge of professionals about the primary prevention of food allergy.
Camila Cury Ribeiro; Patrícia da Graça Leite Speridião; Mauro Batista de Morais
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
Federal University of São Paulo, 441 Pedro de Toledo Street, Vila Clementino, 04039-031 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
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