Document Detail

Knowledge and attitude toward Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in occupationally at-risk Iranian healthcare workers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18395295     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We assessed the knowledge and attitude (K&A) toward Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) of occupationally at-risk healthcare workers (HCWs). A cross-sectional survey was performed in three referral hospitals in the Systan-Baluchestan and Isfahan provinces of Iran where CCHF is highly endemic. In all, 191/209 eligible HCWs were enrolled (response rate: 93%). All but 11 (5.8%) had heard of CCHF. The mean K&A scores of the respondents were 50.34% and 79.25%, respectively. The correlation between K&A was significant (correlation coefficient: 0.542; P<0.001). Being a physician, working in Isfahan (versus the relatively deprived Systan-Baluchestan) and relying on academic material rather than local media were independent factors significantly associated with more knowledge; higher education and laboratory staff with better attitude were also significant factors. Although HCWs showed the best K&A for preventive measures, only 44% wore gloves and masks for contact with CCHF patients and 22% failed to observe any safety measure. Those with a history of percutaneous contact (6.3%) had significantly lower knowledge scores (P=0.047). There is a need to establish professional education campaigns in highly endemic deprived areas in order to improve physicians' attitudes, encourage nurses' use of academic materials and increase the knowledge of less-educated HCWs.
M Rahnavardi; M Rajaeinejad; F Pourmalek; M Mardani; K Holakouie-Naieni; S Dowlatshahi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of hospital infection     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0195-6701     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hosp. Infect.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-28     Completed Date:  2008-07-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8007166     Medline TA:  J Hosp Infect     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University, MC, Tehran, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude of Health Personnel*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Personnel*
Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Crimean-Congo / pathogenicity
Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean* / prevention & control,  transmission,  virology
Hospitals, University
Occupational Exposure*

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