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Knockout of fatty acid desaturase genes in Pichia pastoris GS115 and its effect on the fatty acid biosynthesis and physiological consequences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22918456     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs), including oleic acid (OA, C18:1n-9), linoleic acid (LA, C18:2n-6) and α-linolenic acid (ALA, C18:3n-3), are major components of membrane lipids in Pichia pastoris GS115. In order to clarify the biosynthesis pathway of UFAs on the molecular level and investigate their possible roles in growth and development of this strain, we here report modified strains with disrupted desaturase gene by homologous recombination. Gas chromatography analysis of fatty acid composition in the corresponding mutants confirmed that ∆(12)-desaturase encoded by Fad12 was responsible for the formation of LA, and ALA was synthesized by ∆(15)-desaturase encoded by Fad15. Simultaneous deletion of Fad9A and Fad9B was lethal and supplementation of OA could restore growth, indicating that possibly both Fad9A and Fad9B encoded ∆(9)-desaturase that converted SA into OA. Phenotypic analysis demonstrated that wild type and Fad15 mutant grew at almost the same rate, Fad12 mutant grew much slower than these two strains. Moreover, OA was positively correlated to cold tolerance and ethanol tolerance of GS115, whereas LA and ALA did not affect cold tolerance and ethanol tolerance of it. In addition, we showed that tolerance of GS115 to high concentration of methanol was independent of these three UFAs.
Authors:
Ai-Qun Yu; Jian-Chun Zhu; Biao Zhang; Lai-Jun Xing; Ming-Chun Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-072X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410427     Medline TA:  Arch Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Technology, Ministry of Education, Department of Microbiology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China.
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