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Knee extensor strength is associated with Mini-Mental State Examination scores in elderly men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21932068     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study examined whether the strength capability of knee extensor muscles is associated with global cognitive function, assessed by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), in non-disabled elderly men. Isometric torques during maximal voluntary knee extension, plantar flexion, and elbow flexion and MMSE scores were determined in 39 non-disabled men aged 61-79 years and used for the cross-sectional analysis examining the associations among the measured variables. Moreover, 27 of the subjects participated in a training program consisted of body mass-based exercises (sitting down onto and standing up from a chair, hip joint extension and flexion, calf raises, side leg raises, and trunk flexion and extension) 6 days a week for 3 months. Isometric torques and MMSE scores were determined after the intervention. Among the data before intervention, only knee extension torque (KET) and KET relative to body mass (KET/BM) significantly correlated to the MMSE scores: r = 0.579 (P < 0.0001) for KET and r = 0.520 (P < 0.001) for KET/BM. After the intervention, KET and KET/BM increased significantly, but MMSE score did not. However, the absolute change in MMSE scores was significantly associated with that in KET (r = 0.381, P < 0.05) and KET/BM (r = 0.422, P < 0.05). These findings indicate that the strength capability of knee extensors is associated with global cognitive function in non-disabled elderly men, and provide a new perspective to a general concept that exercises strengthening knee extensor muscles should be included in resistance training programs for elderly individuals.
Authors:
Hiroki Nakamoto; Yasuhide Yoshitake; Yohei Takai; Hiroaki Kanehisa; Takahiro Kitamura; Masashi Kawanishi; Shiro Mori
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, 1 Shiramizu, Kanoya, Kagoshima, 891-2393, Japan.
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