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Kinetics of silica nanoparticles in the human placenta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23742169     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract The potential medical applications of nanoparticles warrant their investigation in terms of biodistribution and safety during pregnancy. The transport of silica nanoparticles (NPs) across the placenta was investigated using two models of maternal-fetal transfer in human placenta, namely, the BeWo b30 choriocarcinoma cell line and the ex vivo perfused human placenta. Nanotoxicity in BeWo cells was examined by the MTT assay and demonstrated decreased cell viability at concentrations greater than 100 μg/mL. In the placental perfusion experiments, antipyrine crossed the placenta rapidly, with a fetal/maternal ratio of 0.97 ± 0.10 after 2 hours. In contrast, the percentage of silica NPs reaching the fetal perfusate after 6 hours was limited to 4.2 ± 4.9% and 4.6 ± 2.4% for 25-nm and 50-nm NPs, respectively. The transport of silica NPs across the BeWo cells was also limited, with an apparent permeability of only 1.54 × 10(-6) ± 1.56 × 10(-6) cm/sec. Using confocal microscopy, there was visual confirmation of particle accumulation in both BeWo cells and in perfused placental tissue. Despite the low transfer of silica NPs to the fetal compartment, questions regarding biocompatibility could limit the application of unmodified silica NPs in biomedical imaging or therapy.
Authors:
Marie Sønnegaard Poulsen; Tina Mose; Lisa Leth Maroun; Line Mathiesen; Lisbeth Ehlert Knudsen; Erik Rytting
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nanotoxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1743-5404     ISO Abbreviation:  Nanotoxicology     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101233132     Medline TA:  Nanotoxicology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
University of Copenhagen, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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