Document Detail

Kinetics and involvement of interleukin-17 in the outcome of peritonitis in nondiabetic patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21292197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is the most serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). We previously showed that high levels of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-18 in PD effluents (PDE) during the early phase of peritonitis correlated with a predominant Type 1 immune response and a favorable outcome in PD-related peritonitis. To further clarify the longitudinal changes of peritoneal immunity during PD-related peritonitis, we examined the kinetic production of IL-17 in PDE during peritonitis. The correlation between the IL-17 expression pattern and peritonitis outcome was analyzed.
METHODS: The levels of IL-17 were measured in PDE during various phases of peritonitis in 38 patients undergoing PD. The patients were divided into two groups, according to whether they had a rapid versus a delayed response to antibiotic treatment.
RESULTS: The kinetic expression of IL-17, as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, differed between the two groups. In the rapid response group, high level of IL-17 was detected in PDE initially and progressively decreased during treatment. In the delayed response group, IL-17 levels in PDE were persistently low throughout the whole course of treatment. In the early phase of peritonitis, the IL-17 levels in PDE were significantly higher in the rapid response group (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: These data suggested that local IL-17 production is part of a protective early immune response to PD-related peritonitis. High levels of IL-17 in PDE during the early phase of peritonitis correlated with a favorable outcome. Manipulation of IL-17 cytokine expression in patients with peritonitis may modulate peritoneal immune response and affect peritonitis outcome.
Hsin-Hui Wang; Tzong-Yann Lee; Ching-Yuang Lin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-01-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1728-7731     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chin Med Assoc     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101174817     Medline TA:  J Chin Med Assoc     Country:  China (Republic : 1949- )    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
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