Document Detail

Kinetics feasibility study of alcohol sulfate esterification reactions in tropospheric aerosols.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18605563     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sulfate esters have recently been identified in the secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed in the photooxidation of biogenic hydrocarbons both in laboratory and under ambient atmospheric conditions. In the present study, the kinetics feasibility of direct reactions between alcohols and sulfuric acid to form sulfate esters in aerosol particles is explored. Nuclear magnetic resonance methods were used to monitor the bulk reaction kinetics of sulfate esterification reactions for a number of simple alcohols. The experiments were carried out at various sulfuric acid concentrations and a range of temperatures in order to estimate the rate constants of such reactions in aerosols under the previously studied laboratory conditions and under ambient atmospheric conditions. The measured rate constants did not depend greatly on the identity of the reactant alcohol, but increased strongly as a function of the sulfuric acid concentration, as predicted by excess acidity theory. Because of the strong temperature dependence of the rate constants for the direct reaction of alcohols with sulfuric acid, it appears that these reactions are kinetically infeasible for low temperature upper tropospheric sulfuric aerosols. For lower tropospheric SOA, it appears that the aerosol acidity is rarely high enough such that these reactions are likely to be responsible for the presence of sulfate esters in SOA.
Emily C Minerath; Mia T Casale; Matthew J Elrod
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-08     Completed Date:  2008-10-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4410-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 119 Woodland Street, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohols / chemistry*
Feasibility Studies
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Sulfates / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Acids; 0/Aerosols; 0/Alcohols; 0/Sulfates

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