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Kinetic and Physiological Evaluation of Ammonium and Nitrite Oxidation Processes in Presence of 2-Chlorophenol.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23296802     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) on ammonium and nitrite-oxidizing processes was kinetically evaluated in batch cultures with nitrifying sludge at steady state. Assays with ammonium or nitrite as energy source and 2.5, 5.0, or 10.0 mg 2-CP-C/l were conducted. Control assays without 2-CP were also performed. Ammonium-oxidizing activity was completely inhibited at the different 2-CP concentrations, whereas nitrite-oxidizing activity was present as nitrite was completely consumed and converted to nitrate irrespectively of 2-CP concentration. In the presence of 2.5 and 5.0 mg 2-CP-C/l, no significant effect on specific rates of nitrite consumption and nitrate production was observed, but a significant decrease on these parameters was observed at 10.0 mg 2-CP-C/l. The nitrifying sludge previously exposed to 2-CP was unable to completely recover its ammonium and nitrite oxidation capacity. Nevertheless, complete 2-CP consumption was achieved in all assays. The effect of 2-CP on ammonium oxidation was observed at kinetic and metabolic pathway level, whereas the effect on nitrite oxidation was observed only at kinetic level. The results obtained in this work evidenced that in order to achieve a successful nitrification process the presence in wastewater of even 2.5 mg 2-CP-C/l should be avoided.
Authors:
J E Pérez-Alfaro; G Buitrón; J Gomez; A-C Texier; F M Cuervo-López
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied biochemistry and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0291     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208561     Medline TA:  Appl Biochem Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Biotechnology, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Iztapalapa, Mexico City, CP 09340, Mexico.
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