Document Detail

Kinematic motion analysis of the joints of the forelimbs and hind limbs of dogs during walking exercise regimens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20594074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess forelimbs and hind limb joint kinematics in dogs during walking on an inclined slope (uphill), on a declined slope (downhill), or over low obstacles (cavaletti) on a horizontal surface and compare findings with data acquired during unimpeded walking on a horizontal surface. ANIMALS: 8 nonlame dogs (mean +/- SD age, 3.4 +/- 2.0 years; weight, 23.6 +/- 4.6 kg). PROCEDURES: By use of 10 high-speed cameras and 10 reflecting markers located on the left forelimbs and hind limbs, joint kinematics were recorded for each dog during uphill walking, downhill walking, and walking over low obstacles or unimpeded on a horizontal surface. Each exercise was recorded 6 times (10 s/cycle); joint angulations, angle velocities and accelerations, and range of motion for shoulder, elbow, carpal, hip, stifle, and tarsal joints were calculated for comparison. RESULTS: Compared with unimpeded walking, obstacle exercise significantly increased flexion of the elbow, carpal, stifle, and tarsal joints and extension in the carpal and stifle joints. Only uphill walking caused increased hip joint flexion and decreased stifle joint flexion; downhill walking caused less flexion of the hip joint. During obstacle exercise, forward angle velocities in the elbow and stifle joints and retrograde velocity in the tarsal joint changed significantly, compared with unimpeded walking. Joint angle acceleration of the elbow joint changed significantly during all 3 evaluated exercises. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: These evidence-based data indicated that each evaluated exercise, except for downhill walking, has a specific therapeutic value in physical therapy for dogs.
Peter J Holler; Verena Brazda; Barbara Dal-Bianco; Elisabeth Lewy; Marion C Mueller; Christian Peham; Barbara A Bockstahler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-02     Completed Date:  2010-09-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  734-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Project Group Dog, Movement Science Group Vienna, Clinical Department of Small Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, A-1210 Vienna, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Carpal Joints / physiology
Dogs / physiology*
Elbow Joint / physiology
Forelimb / physiology*
Hindlimb / physiology*
Hip Joint / physiology
Joints / physiology*
Motor Activity / physiology*
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
Shoulder Joint / physiology
Stifle / physiology
Tarsal Bones / physiology
Walking / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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