Document Detail

Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at sprint pace.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21120744     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The purpose of this study was to use three-dimensional methods to determine whether there are distinct kinematic differences between sprint and distance front crawl swimmers when swimming at a sprint pace. Seven sprint and eight distance specialists performed four 25-m sprints through a 6.75-m(3) calibrated space recorded by six gen-locked cameras. The variables of interest were: average swim velocity, stroke length, stroke frequency, upper limb and foot displacement, elbow angle, shoulder and hip roll angles, duration of stroke phases, and the time corresponding to particular events within the stroke cycle relative to hand entry. Differences between sprint and distance swimmers were assessed with an independent t-test for each variable, in addition to effect size calculations. Differences between sprint and distance front crawl swimmers were generally small and not significant when swimming at a sprint pace. Differences were limited to temporal aspects of the stroke cycle. These findings suggest that coaches should not train sprint and distance specialists differently in terms of technique development.
Carla B McCabe; Stelios Psycharakis; Ross Sanders
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports sciences     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1466-447X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405364     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Education, Sport and Leisure Studies, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
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