Document Detail

Kinematic characteristics of Andalusian, Arabian and Anglo-Arabian horses: a comparative study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11883894     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to compare the kinematic trot characteristics of three different breeds of horse: Andalusian (AN, n = 15), Arabian (AR, n = 7) and Anglo-Arabian (AA, n = 5) using standard computer-assisted videography (25 Hz). Linear, temporal and angular parameters in fore- and hind limbs were analysed in six randomly selected strides per horse. Normalised angle-time diagrams along the complete stride were obtained for all joints angles in each breed and specific kinematic characteristics were detected graphically. AA horses displayed longer swing durations in both limbs ans a shorter angular range of motion (ARM) in scapula and pelvis inclination and in shoulder, hip and forelimb retraction-protraction angles. At lift off, stifle and tarsal joint angles were more flexed. In general, only small differences were observed in AR horse kinematics when compared with the other 2 breeds. AN horses presented negative overtracking length, which was positive in AR and AA. In AN horses the elbow and carpal joints were more flexed at the moment of maximal elevation, elbow and fore-fetlock joints also exhibited a larger ARM due to a smaller angle at maximal flexion. In the hind limbs, tarsal, hind fetlock and retraction-protraction angles presented a larger ARM in AN horses due to greater maximal flexion in the tarsal and hind fetlock joints. Fore- and hind fetlocks were also more flexed in horses from this breed. In conclusion, differences between kinematic variables at the trot were observed in the three breeds studied here, mainly in forelimb joints. The most outstanding feature was the greater forelimb flexion recorded in AN horses than in the other breeds which is consistent with the elevated movements in this breed. In AA horses, the ARM of proximal joints involved in retraction protraction in both fore- and hind limbs was smaller. All the differences observed highlighted the idiosyncratic nature of the trot in each breed; this may influence the functional capacity of each breed.
M R Cano; J Vivo; F Miró; J L Morales; A M Galisteo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in veterinary science     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0034-5288     ISO Abbreviation:  Res. Vet. Sci.     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-08     Completed Date:  2002-05-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401300     Medline TA:  Res Vet Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Compared Anatomy and Pathology, U.D.I. Anatomy and Embryology, Veterinary Faculty, University of Córdoba, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Forelimb / physiology
Gait / physiology*
Hindlimb / physiology
Horses / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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