Document Detail

Kindergarten students' food preferences are not consistent with their knowledge of the Dietary Guidelines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7852689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate kindergarten students' understanding of the concepts and terminology in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans; to determine whether kindergarteners could name food sources of fat, salt, and sugar; and to find out how well they understood the relationship between diet, exercise, body fat, and health. Additionally, food preference information was collected so that kindergarteners' knowledge about the Dietary Guidelines could be compared with their food choices. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Focus-group interviews were conducted in two elementary schools with 12 groups of about five students each (n = 62). Four classrooms were self-selected depending on the teacher's willingness to facilitate student participation; the sample was not random. RESULTS: Students understood the general relationship between food choices, exercise, body fat, and health. They were able to name foods high in salt, fat, and sugar and thought consumption of sugary or fatty foods should be limited. Nevertheless, their food preferences were not consistent with recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines to moderate foods high in these nutrients. APPLICATIONS: Nutrition educators should be aware that young children might not understand terms frequently used such as animal sources of foods or variety. Students know what to eat, but their practices are inconsistent with their knowledge. Providing information about what to do is not enough. To help students transfer factual information to personal dietary practices, nutrition educators need to teach them how to apply the Dietary Guidelines within their food environment while maintaining acceptability in regard to taste.
A S Murphy; J P Youatt; S L Hoerr; C A Sawyer; S L Andrews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-15     Completed Date:  1995-03-15     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-23     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Family and Child Ecology, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
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MeSH Terms
Body Image
Child, Preschool
Food Preferences*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Nutrition Policy*
Nutritional Sciences* / education
Obesity / etiology,  psychology

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