Document Detail

Kidneys extract BNP and NT-proBNP in healthy young men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16037399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Renal metabolism of the cardiac marker NH2-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been suggested. Therefore, we determined the renal extraction ratios of NT-proBNP and its bioactive coproduct brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) at rest and during exercise. In addition, the cerebral ratios were evaluated. Ten young healthy men were investigated at baseline, during moderate cycle exercise (heart rate: 140, Borg scale: 14-15), and in the recovery with BNP and NT-proBNP measured from the brachial artery and the jugular and renal veins, and the renal and cerebral extraction ratios (Ext-Ren and Ext-Cer, respectively) were calculated. Cardiac output, stroke volume, heart rate, mean arterial pressures, and estimated glomerular filtration were determined. BNP and NT-proBNP were extracted by the kidneys but not by the brain. We observed no effect of exercise. The mean values (+/- SE) of Ext-Ren of NT-proBNP were similar (0.19 +/- 0.05, 0.21 +/- 0.06, and 0.12 +/- 0.03, respectively) during the three sessions (P > 0.05). Also the Ext-Ren of BNP were similar (0.18 +/- 0.07, 0.15 +/- 0.11, and 0.14 +/- 0.06, respectively; P > 0.05). There were no significant differences between Ext-Ren of BNP and NT-proBNP during the three sessions (P > 0.05). The Ext-Cer of both peptides varied insignificantly between -0.21 +/- 0.15 and 0.11 +/- 0.08. The renal extraction ratio of both BNP and NT-proBNP is approximately 0.15-0.20. There is no cerebral extraction, and short-term moderate exercise does not affect these values. Our findings suggest that the kidneys extract BNP and NT-proBNP to a similar extent in healthy young men.
Morten Schou; Mads K Dalsgaard; Otto Clemmesen; Ellen A Dawson; Chie C Yoshiga; Henning B Nielsen; Finn Gustafsson; Per R Hildebrandt; Niels H Secher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2005-07-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  99     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-17     Completed Date:  2005-12-14     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1676-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dept. of Endocrinology and Cardiology, Frederiksberg Univ. Hospital, Ndr Fasanvej 57-59, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Brain / metabolism
Exercise / physiology*
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Heart Rate
Kidney / metabolism*
Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / blood,  metabolism*
Peptide Fragments / blood,  metabolism*
Protein Precursors / blood,  metabolism
Stroke Volume
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Peptide Fragments; 0/Protein Precursors; 0/pro-brain natriuretic peptide (1-76); 114471-18-0/Natriuretic Peptide, Brain

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