Document Detail

Key parameters of face shape variation in 3D in a large sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19925588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Improvement of methods for evidential facial comparison for the Courts relies on the collection of large databases of facial images that permit the analysis of face shape variation and the development of statistical tools. In this paper, we present a short description and key findings of an anthropometric study of face shape variation in three-dimensions. We used Statistical Shape Analysis to investigate a large database sample (n = 1968), classified by age and gender. We found that size, shape of the bilateral features and midline contributed successively to overall variation. Face size is associated with age. Sexual dimorphism is evident in size and shape, and shows patterns that affect male and female subjects differently. We anticipate this approach will lend itself to the development of methods for analysis of variation within subject groups and the establishment of the relative uniqueness or abundance of facial measurements within them.
Martin Evison; Ian Dryden; Nick Fieller; Xanthé Mallett; Lucy Morecroft; Damian Schofield; Richard Vorder Bruegge
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic sciences     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1556-4029     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Forensic Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-23     Completed Date:  2010-09-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375370     Medline TA:  J Forensic Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  159-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Forensic Science Program, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, ON, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Databases, Factual
Face / anatomy & histology*
Forensic Anthropology
Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
Middle Aged
Principal Component Analysis
Sex Determination by Skeleton / methods

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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