Document Detail


Kawasaki disease: basic and pathological findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Kawasaki disease (KD) is considered to be a kind of systemic vasculitis syndrome. It most frequently affects infants and young children and primarily invades medium-sized muscular arteries, including the coronary arteries. The etiology of KD is unknown, but epidemiological data suggest involvement of infectious agents, such as bacteria and viruses, in the onset of KD. In addition, host genetics underlie the disease's pathogenesis. Histologically, coronary arteritis begins 6-8 days after KD onset, and inflammation of all layers of the artery rapidly ensues. The inflammation spreads completely around the artery, resulting in severe damage to structural components. Then, the artery begins to dilate. KD arteritis is characterized by inflammation consisting of marked accumulation of monocytes/macrophages. Aberrant activation of monocytes/macrophages is thought to be involved in the formation of vascular lesions. Inflammatory-cell infiltration persists until about the 25th day of the disease, after which the inflammatory cells gradually decrease in number. Lesions in all arteries are relatively synchronous, as they evolve from acute to chronic injury. If a giant aneurysm remains or vessel recanalization occurs after thrombotic occlusion of an aneurysm, remodeling of the vascular structure, sometimes including even reocclusion, continues even in the remote stage.
Authors:
Kei Takahashi; Toshiaki Oharaseki; Yuki Yokouchi; Shiro Naoe; Tsutomu Saji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental nephrology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1437-7799     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9709923     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Nephrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Toho University Ohashi Medical Center, 2-17-6 Ohashi, Meguro, Tokyo, 153-8515, Japan, keitak@oha.toho-u.ac.jp.
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