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Kawasaki disease is associated with sensorineural hearing loss: A systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24951399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: Kawasaki Disease (KD), a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, has been associated with the development of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). KD is primarily a disease of young children, who are the most susceptible to complications from even minimal hearing loss. If there is a connection between KD and the development of SNHL, a better understanding of this relationship may improve our management of this disease and its complications.
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review according to a standardized guideline to evaluate the possible association between KD and SNHL.
DATA SOURCES: Medline and PubMed online databases were reviewed for appropriate articles.
STUDY SELECTION: All studies available in English discussing KD and SNHL were included.
DATA EXTRACTION: Studies were assessed primarily for the incidence of SNHL. Where possible, they were assessed for the degree and laterality of the loss, length of follow up and change in hearing over time.
RESULTS: 8 studies meeting the criteria were assessed. 3 were case reports, 1 was a case series and the remaining 4 were prospective control trials. 8 patients have been reported as cases, and 240 assessed in PCT. 36% of patients assessed had some degree of SNHL, and overall 14% had evidence of persistent SNHL at follow up.
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review would suggest there is an association between KD and SNHL. It is important for physicians caring for patients with KD to be aware of this complication and consider screening these patients given possible complications of hearing loss in this age group.
Authors:
Kristine Anne Smith; Warren K Yunker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-6-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8464     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003603     Medline TA:  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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