Document Detail

Juxtaaortic counterpulsation: comparison with intraaortic counterpulsation in an animal model of acute heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15307539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study was designed to compare the effects of juxtaaortic balloon counterpulsation (JABC), performed in ascending aorta and the aortic arch, with those yielded by intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) in descending aorta, in experimental animals during induced cardiac failure. JABC was achieved with a manufactured Dacron prosthesis and a balloon pump placed between the prosthesis and the wrapped aorta. JABC resulted in a significant increase of cardiac output (from 2.33+/-0.82 to 2.61+/-1.12 L/min, p < 0.05), cardiac index (from 0.071+/-0.025 to 0.080+/-0.033 L/min/kg, p < 0.05) and diastolic pressure augmentation evaluated through diastolic and systolic areas beneath the aortic pressure curve (DABAC/SABAC) index (from 0.94+/-0.21 to 1.10+/-0.33, p < 0.01). End diastolic aortic pressure showed a significant decrease with JABC (from 31.90+/-7.09 to 27.83+/-9.72 mm Hg, p < 0.05). A close association between percentage of DABAC/SABAC increases obtained with IABC and JABC was observed (r2 = 0.67; p < 0.001). Counterpulsation obtained by a juxtaaortic catheter placed in the arch and the ascending wrapped aorta results in an effective hemodynamic improvement comparable with that achieved by an intraaortic catheter in open chest sheep.
Edmundo I Cabrera Fischer; Eduardo de Forteza; Marcelo R Risk; Guido A Nicolini; Juan M Camus; Franco M Pessana
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1058-2916     ISO Abbreviation:  ASAIO J.     Publication Date:    2004 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-13     Completed Date:  2004-10-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204109     Medline TA:  ASAIO J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  311-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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MeSH Terms
Aorta, Thoracic*
Blood Pressure
Cardiac Output
Cardiac Output, Low / physiopathology,  therapy*
Counterpulsation / standards*
Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping / standards*

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