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Juvenile hormone acid and ecdysteroid together induce competence for metamorphosis of the Verson's gland in Manduca sexta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12770259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the last larval instar of Lepidoptera, ecdysteroid in the absence of juvenile hormone (JH) is believed to cause the shift from larval to pupal development. In Manduca sexta, tissues such as the Verson's gland and crochet epidermis become pupally committed before the earliest pulse of ecdysteroid that occurs on day 2. What causes the change in commitment in these tissues? First it was necessary to determine at what stage these tissues become competent to express the pupal program. Last instar larvae of different ages were induced to molt prematurely by feeding the ecdysteroid analog RH5992 and Verson's gland proteins were analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glands became competent to make pupal proteins between 24 and 32 h after the last larval ecdysis. Next, hormonal regulation of competence was examined in ligated abdomens of 12h last instar larvae. Treatment with JH II acid or methoprene acid plus a low dose (1/50th of the molt inducing dose) of RH5992 induced competence, whereas RH5992 alone, methoprene acid alone or methoprene plus RH5992 did not. Verson's glands maintained in vitro produced pupal proteins in response to methoprene acid together with RH5992 but not with RH5992 alone. Likewise, crochet epidermis lost the ability to make crochets (metamorphic change) only in isolated abdomens treated with JH II acid or methoprene acid and low doses of RH5992. In conclusion, JH acid in the presence of basal levels of ecdysteroid induces tissue competence for metamorphosis. Metamorphic competence is followed by commitment, induced by a small pulse of ecdysteroid in the absence of JH, and finally by expression caused by a high titer of ecdysteroid. It is proposed that JH acid is an essential metamorphic hormone.
Authors:
S M. Ismail; C Goin; K Muthumani; M Kim; K H. Dahm; G Bhaskaran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of insect physiology     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1879-1611     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Insect Physiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-May-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985080R     Medline TA:  J Insect Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  59-68     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
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