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Jugular lymphatic sacs in first-trimester fetuses with normal nuchal translucency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19248150     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ultrasonographic appearance of the jugular lymphatic sacs (JLS) in first-trimester fetuses with a normal nuchal translucency (NT). METHODS: Seventy-five fetuses with a normal NT thickness (< 95(th) percentile) were examined weekly between 11 and 17 weeks of gestation. After measurement of the NT thickness, the neck region was examined using both transvaginal and transabdominal ultrasonography for the presence of JLS. If present, their dimensions were measured in three directions and the volume was calculated using the formula for a spheroid. Data were analyzed using multilevel analysis. RESULTS: Seventy-five fetuses were evaluated and a total of 243 ultrasound examinations of the neck region were performed. In 25 (33%) of the 75 fetuses, the JLS could be observed once or more than once. In 19 fetuses JLS were visualized once, in five fetuses twice and in one fetus three times. In total, the JLS were visualized 32 times (n = 15 bilaterally, n = 15 only the left JLS and n = 2 only the right JLS). Relatively greater NT thickness was associated with a higher probability of the presence of JLS, although this was not statistically significant (NT < 1 mm, probability 0.07; NT 1-2 mm, probability 0.15, P = 0.10; NT > 2 mm, probability 0.20, P = 0.08). Gestational age was predictive for the presence of JLS, with the highest probability between 13 and 15 weeks of gestation (P < 0.01). No relationship was found between gestational age and the volumes of the left and right JLS. CONCLUSION: The JLS can be visualized on ultrasound examination in a significant proportion of fetuses with normal NT, most often between 13 and 15 weeks of gestation, and this does not seem to be associated with any abnormality in these fetuses.
Authors:
Y M de Mooij; M N Bekker; M D Spreeuwenberg; J M G van Vugt
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1469-0705     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9108340     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  394-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2009 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. ym.demooij@vumc.nl
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