Document Detail

Joint attention in term and preterm infants at 12 months corrected age: the significance of gender and intervention based on a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17138308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study tested the effects of optimized neonatal mother-infant transactions on joint attention performance at 12 months. Surviving infants <2000g from a geographically defined area were randomly assigned to a preterm intervention (n=71) or preterm control group (n=69). Comparisons were made between preterm groups, secondary with a term group (n=75). Joint attention was measured using the Early Social Communication Scales. Preterm intervention infants scored significantly higher than preterm control infants on elements Initiating Joint Attention (p<0.05), Initiating Object Requests (p<0.05), and Responding to Social Interaction (p<0.0005). Intervention was not associated with performance on elements Responding to Joint Attention, or on Responding to Requests. ELBW infants scored significantly lower than VLBW and LBW infants on imperative functions. Girls outperformed boys on all communication elements. An intervention implemented during the neonatal period can be of advantage for certain aspects of joint attention performance in preterm infants.
Kåre S Olafsen; John A Rønning; Per Ivar Kaaresen; Stein Erik Ulvund; Bjørn Helge Handegård; Lauritz Bredrup Dahl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-08-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-01     Completed Date:  2007-02-22     Revised Date:  2008-03-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  554-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, NO-9037 Tromsø, Norway. <>
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MeSH Terms
Attention / physiology*
Child Development / physiology
Early Intervention (Education) / methods*
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*,  psychology
Sex Characteristics*

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