Document Detail

Job strain, effort-reward imbalance, and heavy drinking: a study in 40,851 employees.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15891529     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of the job strain model and the effort-reward imbalance model with heavy drinking.
METHODS: Questionnaire survey data were obtained from 32,352 women and 8499 men employed in the Finnish public sector (participation 67%). Logistic regression analyses for all employees and for separate subgroups were undertaken by sex, adjusted for age, education, occupational position, marital status, job contract, smoking, and negative affectivity. Different cutoff points of heavy drinking were used for men and women.
RESULTS: High job strain and high effort-reward imbalance as global constructs were not associated with heavy drinking. However, some components of these models were associated with heavy drinking but the relationships were not all in the expected direction and they varied by sex, age, and occupational position.
CONCLUSIONS: Stressful work conditions are not consistently associated with heavy drinking.
Anne Kouvonen; Mika Kivimäki; Sara J Cox; Kari Poikolainen; Tom Cox; Jussi Vahtera
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1076-2752     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Occup. Environ. Med.     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-13     Completed Date:  2005-08-04     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504688     Medline TA:  J Occup Environ Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  503-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
Alcoholism / epidemiology*
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Finland / epidemiology
Health Surveys
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
Sex Distribution
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*
Workload / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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