Document Detail


Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) exposures in Texas, 1998-2004.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16905506     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
For centuries, jimsonweed, Datura stramonium, was known to produce hallucinogenic effects. Jimsonweed is easily obtained and may be abused by adolescents. This investigation examined the patterns of jimsonweed exposures reported to Texas poison control centers during 1998-2004. A total of 188 reported human exposures were identified. Seventy-six percent of the exposures occurred in June-October. For those cases where the information was known, the majority were male (82%) and age 13-19 yr (72%). Intentional abuse or misuse accounted for 78% of reported exposures. Eighty-two percent of the reported exposures were at, en route to, or referred to health care facilities, and 89% of those cases with a known medical outcome had moderate or major effects. The most frequently reported clinical effects were hallucination, tachycardia, agitation, mydriasis, and confusion; the most frequently reported treatments were intravenous fluids replacement, activated charcoal, cathartic, and benzodiazepines. The pattern of reported jimsonweed exposures in Texas was consistent with previously published literature.
Authors:
Mathias B Forrester
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1528-7394     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-14     Completed Date:  2006-08-18     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100960995     Medline TA:  J Toxicol Environ Health A     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1757-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Unit, Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas 78756, USA. mathias.forrester@dshs.state.tx.us
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Benzodiazepines / therapeutic use
Cathartics / therapeutic use
Charcoal / therapeutic use
Child
Confusion / etiology
Datura stramonium*
Female
Fever / etiology
Fluid Therapy
Gastric Lavage
Hallucinations / etiology
Humans
Hypertension / etiology
Male
Mydriasis / etiology
Plant Poisoning / epidemiology*,  therapy
Psychomotor Agitation / etiology
Retrospective Studies
Seasons
Sleep Stages
Speech Disorders / etiology
Substance-Related Disorders / complications
Tachycardia / etiology
Texas / epidemiology
Vomiting / etiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cathartics; 12794-10-4/Benzodiazepines; 16291-96-6/Charcoal

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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