Document Detail

A Japanese diet and 19-year mortality: national integrated project for prospective observation of non-communicable diseases and its trends in the aged, 1980.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19021919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Few studies have examined the association between Japanese diet and mortality outcomes. We analysed the relationship between a healthy Japanese diet and all-cause and cause-specific mortality using the database from the National Integrated Project for Prospective Observation of Non-Communicable Diseases and its Trends in the Aged, 1980. At baseline in 1980, data were collected on study participants aged > or =30 years from randomly selected areas in Japan. We defined a measure of a healthy reduced-salt Japanese diet based on seven components from FFQ. The total score ranged from 0 to 7, with 0 being least healthy and 7 being most healthy. Participants were divided into approximate tertiles of dietary scores (0-2, 3 and 4-7 scores). After excluding participants with co-morbidities, we followed 9086 participants (44 % men) for 19 years. There were 1823 all-cause and 654 cardiovascular deaths during the follow-up. With the dietary score group 0-2 serving as a reference, the Cox multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios for groups with scores 3 and 4-7 were 0.92 (95 % CI 0.83, 1.04) and 0.78 (95 % CI 0.70, 0.88) for all-cause mortality (trend P < 0.0001), and 0.91 (95 % CI 0.75, 1.10) and 0.80 (95 % CI 0.66, 0.97) for cardiovascular mortality (trend P = 0.022). Adherence to a healthy reduced-salt Japanese diet was associated with an approximate 20 % lower rate of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.
Yasuyuki Nakamura; Hirotsugu Ueshima; Tomonori Okamura; Takashi Kadowaki; Takehito Hayakawa; Yoshikuni Kita; Robert D Abbott; Akira Okayama;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-11-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-12     Completed Date:  2009-07-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1696-705     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Kyoto Women's University, 35 Imakumano Kitahiyoshi-cho, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto 605-8501, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality,  prevention & control
Diet / ethnology*,  statistics & numerical data
Epidemiologic Methods
Food Preferences / ethnology
Japan / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Mortality / trends*
Neoplasms / mortality,  prevention & control
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary

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