Document Detail


A Japanese diet and 19-year mortality: national integrated project for prospective observation of non-communicable diseases and its trends in the aged, 1980.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19021919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Few studies have examined the association between Japanese diet and mortality outcomes. We analysed the relationship between a healthy Japanese diet and all-cause and cause-specific mortality using the database from the National Integrated Project for Prospective Observation of Non-Communicable Diseases and its Trends in the Aged, 1980. At baseline in 1980, data were collected on study participants aged > or =30 years from randomly selected areas in Japan. We defined a measure of a healthy reduced-salt Japanese diet based on seven components from FFQ. The total score ranged from 0 to 7, with 0 being least healthy and 7 being most healthy. Participants were divided into approximate tertiles of dietary scores (0-2, 3 and 4-7 scores). After excluding participants with co-morbidities, we followed 9086 participants (44 % men) for 19 years. There were 1823 all-cause and 654 cardiovascular deaths during the follow-up. With the dietary score group 0-2 serving as a reference, the Cox multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios for groups with scores 3 and 4-7 were 0.92 (95 % CI 0.83, 1.04) and 0.78 (95 % CI 0.70, 0.88) for all-cause mortality (trend P < 0.0001), and 0.91 (95 % CI 0.75, 1.10) and 0.80 (95 % CI 0.66, 0.97) for cardiovascular mortality (trend P = 0.022). Adherence to a healthy reduced-salt Japanese diet was associated with an approximate 20 % lower rate of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.
Authors:
Yasuyuki Nakamura; Hirotsugu Ueshima; Tomonori Okamura; Takashi Kadowaki; Takehito Hayakawa; Yoshikuni Kita; Robert D Abbott; Akira Okayama;
Related Documents :
1522699 - Nutrient contribution of the school lunch program: implications for healthy people 2000.
16014819 - Examining clinical trial results with single-subject analysis: an example involving beh...
19116319 - Is maternal diet supplementation beneficial? optimal development of infant depends on m...
9537609 - Fruit consumption, fitness, and cardiovascular health in female adolescents: the penn s...
12723019 - Factors associated with overweight/obesity in economically active south african populat...
2254769 - Validation of a self-administered diet history questionnaire using multiple diet records.
1289169 - Effect of chronic ethanol feeding on factors leading to inappropriate intrapancreatic a...
22703579 - The inclusion of a partial meal replacement with or without inulin to a calorie restric...
9806319 - Dietary manipulation and energy compensation: does the intermittent use of low-fat item...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-11-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-12     Completed Date:  2009-07-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1696-705     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Kyoto Women's University, 35 Imakumano Kitahiyoshi-cho, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto 605-8501, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality,  prevention & control
Diet / ethnology*,  statistics & numerical data
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Food Preferences / ethnology
Humans
Japan / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality / trends*
Neoplasms / mortality,  prevention & control
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effects of short duration stress management training on self-perceived depression, anxiety and stres...
Next Document:  Bioavailability and nutritional effects of carotenoids from organically and conventionally produced ...