Document Detail

JAK inhibition with ruxolitinib versus best available therapy for myelofibrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22375970     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Treatment options for myelofibrosis are limited. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ruxolitinib, a potent and selective Janus kinase (JAK) 1 and 2 inhibitor, as compared with the best available therapy, in patients with myelofibrosis.
METHODS: We assigned 219 patients with intermediate-2 or high-risk primary myelofibrosis, post-polycythemia vera myelofibrosis, or post-essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis to receive oral ruxolitinib or the best available therapy. The primary end point and key secondary end point of the study were the percentage of patients with at least a 35% reduction in spleen volume at week 48 and at week 24, respectively, as assessed with the use of magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography.
RESULTS: A total of 28% of the patients in the ruxolitinib group had at least a 35% reduction in spleen volume at week 48, as compared with 0% in the group receiving the best available therapy (P<0.001); the corresponding percentages at week 24 were 32% and 0% (P<0.001). At 48 weeks, the mean palpable spleen length had decreased by 56% with ruxolitinib but had increased by 4% with the best available therapy. The median duration of response with ruxolitinib was not reached, with 80% of patients still having a response at a median follow-up of 12 months. Patients in the ruxolitinib group had an improvement in overall quality-of-life measures and a reduction in symptoms associated with myelofibrosis. The most common hematologic abnormalities of grade 3 or higher in either group were thrombocytopenia and anemia, which were managed with a dose reduction, interruption of treatment, or transfusion. One patient in each group discontinued treatment owing to thrombocytopenia, and none discontinued owing to anemia. Nonhematologic adverse events were rare and mostly grade 1 or 2. Two cases of acute myeloid leukemia were reported with the best available therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Continuous ruxolitinib therapy, as compared with the best available therapy, was associated with marked and durable reductions in splenomegaly and disease-related symptoms, improvements in role functioning and quality of life, and modest toxic effects. An influence on overall survival has not yet been shown. (Funded by Novartis Pharmaceuticals; number, NCT00934544.).
Claire Harrison; Jean-Jacques Kiladjian; Haifa Kathrin Al-Ali; Heinz Gisslinger; Roger Waltzman; Viktoriya Stalbovskaya; Mari McQuitty; Deborah S Hunter; Richard Levy; Laurent Knoops; Francisco Cervantes; Alessandro M Vannucchi; Tiziano Barbui; Giovanni Barosi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial, Phase III; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New England journal of medicine     Volume:  366     ISSN:  1533-4406     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Engl. J. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-01     Completed Date:  2012-03-08     Revised Date:  2012-05-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0255562     Medline TA:  N Engl J Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  787-98     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Guy's and St. Thomas' National Health Service Foundation Trust, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cause of Death
Follow-Up Studies
Janus Kinase 1 / antagonists & inhibitors*
Janus Kinase 2 / antagonists & inhibitors*
Middle Aged
Organ Size
Primary Myelofibrosis / drug therapy*,  mortality,  pathology
Protein Kinase Inhibitors / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Pyrazoles / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Quality of Life
Spleen / drug effects,  pathology
Splenomegaly / drug therapy*
Survival Analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/INCB018424; 0/Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0/Pyrazoles; EC Kinase 1; EC Kinase 2
Comment In:
N Engl J Med. 2012 May 24;366(21):2032; author reply 2032-5   [PMID:  22621635 ]
N Engl J Med. 2012 May 24;366(21):2031; author reply 2032-4   [PMID:  22621633 ]
N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 1;366(9):844-6   [PMID:  22375977 ]
N Engl J Med. 2012 May 24;366(21):2031-2; author reply 2032-4   [PMID:  22621634 ]

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