Document Detail

Ixodes ricinus as a vector of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti in urban and suburban forests.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15236507     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In the suburban and urban forests in the cities of Gdansk, Sopot and Gdynia (northern Poland), Ixodes ricinus ticks should be considered as the vector of pathogenic microorganisms that may cause significant diseases in wild and domestic animals and humans. These microorganisms include etiologic agents of Lyme disease, human anaplasmosis (HA) and babesiosis: Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti, respectively. DNA extracts from 701 ticks collected in 15 localities were examined by PCR for the simultaneous detection of these 3 pathogens. Overall, 14 % were infected with A. phagocytophilum followed by 12.4 % with B. burgdorferi s.l. and 2.3 % with B. microti. In total, the percentage of infected females (32.9 %) was 2.4 times higher than in males (13.7 %) and 3.2 times higher than in nymphs (10.3 %). Among adult ticks (n = 303), 8.3 % were dually infected with A. phagocytophilum and B. burgdorferi s.l., 2.0 % with the agent of human anaplasmosis and B. microti and 0.3 % with borreliae and B. microti.
Joanna Stańczak; Refaat Mohammed Gabre; Wiesława Kruminis-Łozowska; Maria Racewicz; Beata Kubica-Biernat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1232-1966     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Agric Environ Med     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-06     Completed Date:  2004-08-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9500166     Medline TA:  Ann Agric Environ Med     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Medical University of Gdańsk, Interfaculty Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, 9B Powstania Styczniowego str., 81-519 Gdynia, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Anaplasma phagocytophilum / genetics,  isolation & purification*
Babesia microti / genetics,  isolation & purification*
Babesiosis / epidemiology,  microbiology
Borrelia burgdorferi Group / genetics,  isolation & purification*
DNA, Bacterial / analysis
Disease Reservoirs
Disease Vectors
Ehrlichiosis / epidemiology,  microbiology
Ixodes / genetics,  microbiology*
Lyme Disease / epidemiology,  microbiology
Odds Ratio
Poland / epidemiology
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Statistics, Nonparametric
Suburban Population / statistics & numerical data
Tick Infestations / microbiology
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Bacterial

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