Document Detail


It's a sign of the kind: gestures and words guide infants' inductive inferences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17723039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The role of words and gestures in guiding infants' inductive inferences about nonobvious properties was examined. One hundred seventy-two 14-month-olds and 22-month-olds were presented with novel target objects followed by test objects that varied in similarity to the target. Objects were introduced with a novel word or a novel gesture or with no label. When target and test objects were highly similar in shape, both 14- and 22-month-olds inferred that these objects shared a nonobvious property, regardless of whether the objects were labeled with a word or a gesture or with no label. When objects were labeled with the same word, both 14- and 22-month-olds generalized the nonobvious properties to objects that shared minimal perceptual similarity. Finally, when objects were labeled with the same gesture, 14-month-olds, but not 22-month-olds, generalized the nonobvious properties to objects that shared minimal perceptual similarity. These results indicate that 14-month-olds possess a more generalized symbolic system as they will rely on both words and gestures to guide their inferences. By 22-months of age, infants treat words as a privileged referential form when making inductive inferences.
Authors:
Susan A Graham; Cari S Kilbreath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0012-1649     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-28     Completed Date:  2007-11-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1111-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. grahams@ucalgary.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Child Psychology*
Color Perception
Concept Formation*
Discrimination Learning
Female
Generalization, Stimulus
Gestures*
Humans
Infant
Language Development*
Male
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Problem Solving
Semantics*
Size Perception
Verbal Learning*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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