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Isotope fractionations in the biosynthesis of cell components by different fungi: a basis for environmental carbon flux studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19719589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract The isotope fractionation of carbon from substrates possessing different isotope ratios into fatty acids of polar lipids and amino acids was determined for four different fungi (Rhizopus arrhizus, Mortierella isabellina, Fusarium solani, Aspergillus niger). Carbon isotope ratios of fungi closely followed that of the substrates. Palmitic acid (C16:0), derived from phospholipids, did not display a large carbon isotope fractionation against the substrate. Stearic acid (C18:0), however, was depleted in (13)C against C16:0 in all strains. The desaturation of C18:0 to oleic acid (C18:1omega9) had little effect on the carbon isotope ratio. The subsequent desaturation of C18:1omega9 to linolic acid (C18:2omega6,9) enriched the resulting C18:2omega6,9 by +3.9 per thousand and varied little among strains. This result is important because C18:2omega6,9 is often used as a biomarker in environmental studies. Most amino acids were enriched in (13)C compared to the substrates, but isoleucine and lysine were close to the isotope ratio of the substrate and phenylalanine and leucine were depleted. Interestingly, the carbon isotope ratios of many amino acids differed significantly among different species. A discriminant analysis based on the isotope ratio of four amino acids (Thr, Ile, Phe, Val) resolved the two phyla in the first discriminant function and all four strains in the first two discriminant functions and confirmed a taxon-specific manner of isotope fractionation. The derived rules provide the basis for the use of stable isotopes in environmental studies to elucidate the role of fungi in the carbon flow in the environment.
Authors:
Wolf-Rainer Abraham; Christian Hesse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  FEMS microbiology ecology     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1574-6941     ISO Abbreviation:  FEMS Microbiol. Ecol.     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8901229     Medline TA:  FEMS Microbiol Ecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
GBF - German Research Center for Biotechnology, Research Group Chemical Microbiology, Mascheroder Weg 1, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany.
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