Document Detail

Isolation of persistent air leaks and placement of intrabronchial valves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23312104     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Alveolar-pleural fistulas causing persistent air leaks are conditions associated with prolonged hospital courses, high morbidity, and possibly increased mortality. Intrabronchial valves serve as a noninvasive therapeutic option for the closure of alveolar-pleural fistulas.
METHODS: The present review describes a brief history of, and indications for, the placement of intrabronchial valves in patients with persistent air leaks. The essential steps necessary for placement are air leak isolation, airway sizing, and valve deployment. Additionally, the indications and methods for intrabronchial valve removal, along with the potential complications from intrabronchial valve placement, are described.
CONCLUSIONS: The increased use of intrabronchial valves in the treatment of persistent air leaks requires bronchoscopists and clinicians to understand the procedural steps and techniques necessary for intrabronchial valve placement.
Amit K Mahajan; Diana C Doeing; Douglas K Hogarth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2013-01-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  145     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-18     Completed Date:  2013-05-16     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  626-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Bronchi / surgery*
Pneumothorax / complications*
Postoperative Complications / surgery*
Prostheses and Implants*
Prosthesis Design
Respiratory Tract Fistula / etiology*,  surgery*
Risk Assessment
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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